In 2019, the International Chess Federation (FIDE) has moved its Headquarters from Athens, Greece to Lausanne, Switzerland.
FIDE new Headquarters are located within the "Maison du Sport International". This building is home to about 30 international
sports federations and 20 companies active in the field of sports. FIDE has a long history with Lausanne, a place that was home to the organization's offices already from 1995 until 2004.
A year after settling into Lausanne, FIDE staged one of its major
events in the Olympic Capital.
The FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2019–20 is a series of four chess tournaments exclusively for women, which will determine
two players to play in the Women's Candidates Chess Championship in the year 2021. The winner of the candidate's tournament will play a 12-game match against the world champion in the year 2021.
Venues of the ongoing FIDE Women's Grand Prix are Skolkovo
(Russia), Monaco, Lausanne (Switzerland), and Sardinia (Italy).
Players receive 90 minutes for 40 moves, followed by 30 minutes to the end of the game, plus a 30-second increment starting from move one. No draw
offers are allowed before move 30.
The prize fund is 80,000 euros in total, with 15,000 euros and 160 GP points for the winner.
In total, sixteen players compete in these four Woman GP (WGP) tournaments. Each of the sixteen players participate
in three out of four WGP events. Thus, each WGP tournament is played with twelve players in a round robin (all-play-all of eleven rounds).
In each FIDE Woman Grand Prix tournament every player scores points according to her position in the final standings;
the winner of the whole series is the player who earned the highest number of cumulative points in the corresponding contests she played.
The third GP tournament took place in Lausanne, Hotel Mövenpick,
between March 1st and 13th 2020.
Ju Wenjun, since 2018 the reigning Women's World Chess Championne (she is female and male grandmaster), participated!
The further competitors
were current Vice World Championne Aleksandra Goryachkina from Russia, former World Championne Antoaneta Stefanova from Bulgaria, former World Championne
Alexandra Kosteniuk from Russia, former World Championne Mariya Muzychuk from Ukraine, her sister Anna Muzychuk
from Ukraine, Nana Dagnidze from Georgia, Harika Dronavalli from India, legendary Pia Cramling
from Sweden, Marie Sebag from France (these players are all awarded with the male (absolute) GM title by FIDE) as well as IM & WGM Alina Kashlinskaya
from Poland, she is the reigning Women's European Chess Championne, and - as a last minute replacement of GM Zhao Xue from China, IM & WGM Zhansaya Abdumalik from Kazakhstan, as of
March 2020, she is the top ranked U-20 woman in the world, she holds three male Grandmaster norms and only needs to achieve a rating of 2500 Elo to qualify for the GM title.
As of 2020, there are still less than 40 women to become an international Grandmaster
in chess. Only two of them are born in a West European country: Cramling from Sweden and Sebag from France; both played at Lausannne.
FIDE is the International Chess Federation and governing body of worldwide chess competition; since 1950 there are
male grandmaster titles awarded by FIDE, since 1976 also female grandmaster titles. These titles are based on so-called norms (earning a certain performance in international tournaments three times, and a minimum of Elo rating points), valid for life.
In other words: The Grandmaster title in chess is awarded to the players with an Elo peak rating above 2500 Elo points who had achieved the required three title norms (within a certain time).
The Elo rating / ranking system is a method for calculating
the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
Why in historical comparisons, ranking
matters, not nominal rating: http://www.chessdiagonals.ch/431660786
How do you get the Grandmaster title in chess?
- start young, very young
- talent, dedication, hard work, ... especially hard work !!!
- score three
FIDE norms in international chess tournaments
- achieve a 2500 Elo rating (2400 Elo for the women's gm)
- play and enjoy,
don't expect to get a living
In January 2020, the Women's World Chess Championship title
match had been contested by Ju Wenjun, the winner of the 2018 knock-out championship and
her challenger, Aleksandra Goryachkina, the winner of a newly established Candidates Tournament, that was held in Kazan in 2019 (Goryachkina thus gained the right to challenge the Women's World Champion Ju Wenjun).
The title match took place in two
parts, one held in Shanghai (China) and one in Vladivostok (Russia) in January 2020. The total prize fund
for this event showed an impressive €500,000. Ju Wenjun retained her title.
That match between Ju Wenjun, born in 1991 in Shanghai, and Aleksandra Goryachkina, born in 1998 in Orsk (Southern Ural region, the city straddles the Ural River; since this river is considered a boundary between Europe and Asia, Orsk can be said to lie in two continents), marked the return to a match only format for the title with qualifying
Candidates Tournament, after new FIDE president Arkady Dvorkovich expressed his dissatisfaction for the knock-out
tournaments to decide the Women's World Champion and its frequent different winners in the past.
Official Website: https://wgp2019.fide.com/
Nana Dzagnidze and Aleksandra Goryachkina
shared first place with 7 out of 11 points, while youngster Zhansaya Abdumalik finished third on 6½. Dzagnidze was declared the tournament champion on tie-breaks (total number of wins):
(full standings and all games)