The FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2019–20 is a series of four chess tournaments exclusively for women, which will determine two players to play in the Women's
Candidates Chess Championship in the year 2021. The winner of the candidate's tournament will play a 12-game match against the world champion in the year 2021.
Venues of the ongoing FIDE Women's Grand Prix are Skolkovo (Russia), Monaco,
Lausanne, and Sardinia (Italy).
In total, sixteen players compete in these four Woman GP (WGP) tournaments. Each of the sixteen players participate in three out of four WGP events. Thus, each WGP tournament is played with twelve players
in a round robin (all-play-all of eleven rounds).
In each FIDE Woman Grand Prix tournament every player scores points according to her position in the final standings; the winner of the whole series is the player who earned the highest number of cumulative
points in the corresponding contests she played.
The third GP tournament will be held in Lausanne, between March 1st and 13th 2020.
since 2018 the reigning Women's World Chess Championne (she is female and male grandmaster), will also play!
The further competitors are current Vice World Championne Aleksandra Goryachkina from
Russia, former World Championne Antoaneta Stefanova from Bulgaria, former World Championne Alexandra Kosteniuk from Russia, former World Championne
Mariya Muzychuk from Ukraine, her sister Anna Muzychuk from Ukraine, Nana Dagnidze from Georgia,
Harika Dronavalli from India, legendary Pia Cramling from Sweden, Marie Sebag from France (these
players are all awarded with the male (absolute) GM title by FIDE) as well as IM & WGM Alina Kashlinskaya from Poland, she is the reigning Women's European Chess Championne, and - as a last minute replacement
of GM Zhao Xue from China, IM & WGM Zhansaya Abdumalik from Kazakhstan, as of March 2020, she is the top ranked U-20 woman in the world, she
holds three male Grandmaster norms and only needs to achieve a rating of 2500 Elo to qualify for the GM title.
As of 2020, there are still less than 40 women to become an international Grandmaster in chess. Only two of them are born in
a West European country: Cramling from Sweden and Sebag from France; both will play at Lausannne.
FIDE is the International Chess Federation and governing body of worldwide chess competition; since 1950 there are male grandmaster titles awarded by FIDE,
since 1976 also female grandmaster titles. These titles are based on so-called norms (earning a certain performance in international tournaments three times, and a minimum of Elo rating points), valid for life.
In other words: The Grandmaster title
in chess is awarded to the players with an Elo peak rating above 2500 Elo points who had achieved the required three title norms (within a certain time).
The Elo rating / ranking system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players
in zero-sum games such as chess.
Why in historical comparisons, ranking matters, not nominal rating:
How do you get the Grandmaster title in chess?
young, very young
- talent, dedication, hard work, ... especially hard work !!!
- score three FIDE norms in international
- achieve a 2500 Elo rating (2400 Elo for the women's gm)
- play and enjoy, don't expect to get a living
In January 2020, the Women's World Chess Championship title match had been contested by Ju Wenjun, the winner
of the 2018 knock-out championship and her challenger, Aleksandra Goryachkina,
the winner of a newly established Candidates Tournament, that was held in Kazan in 2019 (Goryachkina thus gained the right to challenge the Women's World Champion Ju Wenjun).
The title match took place in two parts, one held in Shanghai
(China) and one in Vladivostok (Russia) in January 2020. The total prize fund for this event showed an impressive €500,000.
That match between Ju Wenjun, born in 1991
in Shanghai, and Aleksandra Goryachkina, born in 1998 in Orsk (Southern Ural region, the city straddles the Ural River; since this river is considered a boundary between Europe
and Asia, Orsk can be said to lie in two continents), marked the return to a match only format for the title with qualifying Candidates Tournament, after new FIDE president Arkady Dvorkovich expressed his dissatisfaction for the knock-out tournaments to decide the Women's World Champion and its frequent different winners in the past.
Ju Wenjun retained her title.
Official Website: https://wgp2019.fide.com/
Hôtel Mövenpick, Avenue de Rhodanie 4, 1007 Lausanne
17h: Opening Ceremony
2 March, 15h: Start of the 1st round
3 to 7 March, 15h: Rounds 2 to 6
8 March: Rest day
9 to 12 March, 15h: Rounds 7 to 10
13 March, 11.30 h:
11st and last round
18h Closing Ceremony
14 March: Departure
Saturday 7 March, 10-18 h: “1er Open FIDE d’échecs rapides de la capitale olympique” at the “Maison du Sport International”; adress: 54 Avenue de Rhodanie, 1007 Lausanne.
8 March, 10-16h: Rapid chess tournament for girls (under 18 y.o.) at the “Maison du Sport International”; adress: 54 Avenue de Rhodanie, 1007 Lausanne.