International invitation top tournament series in Spain

Alicante Beliavsky's clean win with a perfect score of 13/13

Barcelona, independent world-class tournaments Big report
Barcelona, Magistral Ciutat, today a team event, ongoing

Berga, international in 1951 & 1952, mostly national or regional

Bilbao, previously called Grand Slam Chess Final

Costa Brava, played in Sant Feliu de Guixols, Malgrat de Mar et al.  An easy-to-read survey

Costa del Sol, played in Torremolinos, Malaga et al. An easy-to-read survey

Dos Hermanas Nine out of the top ten ranked player in a round robin

Gijon An easy-to-read survey

Lanzarote, Arrecife de Lanzarote An easy-to-read survey

Las Palmas Extended version

León, various formats, today a rapid knock-out, ongoing

Linares / Linares - Morelia (Mex) Albo d'Oro

Madrid, Magistral The forgotten superseries 
Madrid, Prequels; and USSR vs. Rest of the World (Rapid)

Montilla-Moriles An easy-to-read survey

Olot An easy-to-read survey

Orense An easy-to-read survey

Palma de Mallorca Extended version

Pamplona Facts & Figures

Salamanca

San Sebastián 1911 & 1912; later Open series

Tarragona

Terrassa An easy-to-read survey

Zafra et al., Ruy Lopez Festival named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura, offering a Magistral (international invitation tournament) and an Open where the players had to play the Ruy Lopez Opening, sometimes also called the Spanish Opening or the Spanish Game.


Important distinction:
Barcelona (ongoing International Chess Open de Sants, Hostafrancs i La Bordeta), Las Palmas, Palma de Mallorca, San Sebastián / Donostia, as well as other spanish cities (eg. Malaga, Sevilla), are also venues of strong Open tournament series as well as Rapid (eg. Villarrobledo, Oviedo) and / or exhibition events (especially León, pioneering Advanced chess).

Note:
Cities hosting one singular classical invitation tournament (eg. Ubeda) and / or Open alone, or organised a match, are not part of this survey of invitation *serials*


For the record:

Sevilla hosted the World Chess Championship in 1987 between Kasparov and Karpov (12-12). Kasparov kept the title without any further play-off.

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chess.pl?tid=55128 (Chessgames)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Chess_Championship_1987 (Wikipedia)
http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/87kk$$.htm (Mark Weeks overview)
https://www.chess.com/blog/SonofPearl/test-7393 (Chess with videos)

Cazorla, Spain, hosted the World Chess Council WCC (following the PCA, following the GMA; these organisations were in concurrence to the FIDE during the time of the schism) World Chess Championship Candidates Final Match in 1998 between Kramnik and Shirov to determine the right to challenge Kasparov. Despite being the underdog, Shirov won with 5.5-3.5 (two wins, no loss!).

However, things went wrong for the nominated Challenger Shirov, instead, it was Kramnik who got a shot for the title, dethroning reigning Champion Kasparov:

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chess.pl?tid=80070 (Chessgames)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_World_Chess_Championship_2000 (Wikipedia) 

Between 1993 and 2006, the title was split during the schism, there always have been two rivaling international chess bodies (FIDE and GMA / PCA / WCC, then FIDE and Braingames / Einstein) and both arranged World Chess Championships and crowned World Chess Champions..

ALICANTE 1973 – 1981 (without 1976)

Torneo Internacional Ciudad de Alicante, Memorial Gimeno Brotons.

Moderate strong invitation tournaments, most famously for Beliavsky's clean win with a perfect score in 1978 at an amazing 13/13!!

BARCELONA, world-class tournaments

1929 (World Exhibition) Capablanca
1946 (25th Anniversary Club Ajedrez Barcelona) Najdorf
1989 (GMA World Cup) Kasparov, Ljubojevic

Smyslov, Tal, Spassky, and Korchnoi played at Barcelona, too.

BARCELONA, Ciutat Magistral (former Casino Masters), starting in 1996, international series since 2004

Prominent winners were Ivanchuk (2005), Nakamura (2007), Seirawan (2011), or Morozevich (2015)

In 2009, then IM Daniel Alsina Leal surpassed nine grandmasters to win outright!

BARCELONA, Open de Sants, Hostafrancs i La Bordeta, annually since 1999

Barcelona's most emblematic and largest chess tournament.

Exclusive Year-by-Year History. Among the winners: Adhiban, Bartel, Fier, Hillarp Persson, Moskalenko, Nisipeanu, Rodshtein, Sadler, Qun Ma

COSTA BRAVA (later COSTA CATALANA) series (1973 – 1980, and 1991 – 1994)

Sant Feliu de Guíxols and Malgrat de Mar were the main venues. 12 editions.

Larsen, Andersson, Szabo, Kurajica, Romanishin, Spraggett, Mednis, among the winners. Chiburdanidze joint winner in 1979.

COSTA DEL SOL series (1961 – 1987)

Torremolinos and Malaga were the main venues. 27 annual editions in a row.

Gligoric, Pomar, Szabo, O’Kelly, Ivkov, Benko, Torre, R. Byrne, Christiansen, Seirawan, Tal among the tournament winners.

DOS HERMANAS 1989 – 2008 (unregular)

The Spanish City in the south of Sevilla in Andalusia, hosted some really big tournaments in the shadow of Linares; plus Internet activities.

Watch out 1996 (Kasparov fails) and 1999 (Anand last)

GIJON 1944 – 1965 (unregular)

Alekhine, Euwe, Larsen, Rossolimo, Prins, Luis Bronstein from Argentina, Pomar, Perez, Toran, and surprising Antonio Rico were the tournament winners.

LAS PALMAS 1972 – 1981, 1982 Interzonal, 1987, 1991 – 1994, and 1996 Torneo Mundial de Ajedrez Gran Canaria

Supertournament series (plus many Open).

Larsen as well as the World Champions Tal, Smyslov, Kramnik, and Anand played, but they failed to win at Las Palmas international invitation tournament!

LANZAROTE, Arrecife de Lanzarote 1973 – 1977

A city and municipality in the Canary Islands situated in the centre-east of the island of Lanzarote.

Moderate strong tourney, among the winners Larsen, Kavalek, Quinteros, or Rodriguez Vargas.

Linares / Linares - Morelia 1978 – 2010 (27 editions)

#

Year

Winner(s)

Country

Number of Players

1

1978

Jaan Eslon (IM)
Roberto Debarnot (IM)

ESP
ARG

10

2

1979

Larry Christiansen

USA

12

 

 

No tournament 1980

 

 

3

1981

Anatoly Karpov
Larry Christiansen

USSR
USA

12

 

 

No tournament 1982

 

 

4

1983

Boris Spassky

USSR

11

 

 

No tournament 1984

 

 

5

1985

Ljubomir Ljubojevic
Robert Hübner

YUG
FRG

12

 

 

No tournament 1986

 

 

 

 

No tournament 1987

 

 

6

1988

Jan Timman

NED

12

7

1989

Vassily Ivanchuk

USSR

11

8

1990

Garry Kasparov (1)

USSR

12

9

1991

Vassily Ivanchuk

USSR

14

10

1992

Garry Kasparov (2)

RUS

14

11

1993

Garry Kasparov (3)

RUS

14

12

1994

Anatoly Karpov

RUS

14
(Karpov at 11/13!)

13

1995

Vassily Ivanchuk

UKR

14

 

 

No tournament 1996

 

 

14

1997

Garry Kasparov (4)

RUS

12

15

1998

Viswanathan Anand

IND

7 double round robin

16

1999

Garry Kasparov (5)

RUS

8 double round robin

17

2000

Garry Kasparov (6)
Vladimir Kramnik
(inseparable equal tie-break)

RUS
RUS

6 double round robin

18

2001

Garry Kasparov (7)

RUS

6 double round robin (all others: J. Polgar, Karpov, Leko, Shirov, Grischuk below 50%)

19

2002

Garry Kasparov (8)

RUS

7 double round robin

20

2003

Peter Leko
Vladimir Kramnik

HUN
RUS

7 double round robin

21

2004

Vladimir Kramnik

RUS

7 double round robin

22

2005

Garry Kasparov (9)
Veselin Topalov

RUS
BUL

7 double round robin (last tournament of Garry Kasparov in classical chess)

23

2006*

Levon Aronian

ARM

8 double round robin

24

2007*

Viswanathan Anand

IND

8 double round robin

25

2008*

Viswanathan Anand

IND

8 double round robin

26

2009

Alexander Grischuk
Vassily Ivanchuk

RUS
UKR

8 double round robin

27

2010

Veselin Topalov

BUL

6 double round robin

 

* The editions of 2006, 2007, 2008 had been played in Morelia (Mexico) for the first leg, and in Linares for the second leg.
Not held in 1980, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, and 1996.

Kasparov made <14 entries at Linares>, he won or co-won in 1990, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1999-2002, and 2005.

Kasparov is a <record nine-time winner>; he did also play in 1991, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2004. Gazza did not play at Linares in 1995 and 1996 (no tournament that year), prior to 1990, and after 2005 (retirement).

Six World Champions played at Linares, but the great attacker, Mikhail Tal never got a nomination / invitation by Luis Rentero.

If joint winners, the player with the better tie-break is named first. There were no play-offs.

MADRID, earlier tournaments

1936 Koltanowski
1943 Keres
1945 Alekhine
1951 Prins, starting at 10/10!
1957 Darga
1959 Pérez, Pomar
1960 Zonal - Gligoric, Pomar, Portisch (after play-off)
1961 Milić, Robatsch
1973 Karpov

MADRID, Rest of the World vs. Soviet Union (Rapid) 1988

One of the first big Rapid events (25 minutes per game) in chess history. Scheveningen system, eight players, each team.

Korchnoi (best individual performance), Kasparov, and M. Gurevich at 5.5/8

Magistral de MADRID 1992 – 1998

Supertournament series.

1992 Karpov
1993 Kramnik (on tie-break)
1994 Judit Polgar, at 18
1995 Korchnoi, at 64
1996 Topalov (on tie-break)
1997 Topalov (Armageddon vs. Shirov)
1998 Anand

MONTILLA-MORILES 1971 – 1978

The Andalusian region hosted a cozy little invitation tournament series.

Karpov won in 1976, Spassky in 1978 the last edition, Timman in 1971 the first tournament. Radulov is record twice winner.

OLOT 1965 – 1975 (without 1966)

Olot lies at the northeast of Spain near the French border. The City hosted a cozy little invitation tournament series.

Arturo Pomar played ten times; experienced O'Kelly and young Csom won twice.

ORENSE 1973 – 1977

In the 1970s, Galicia was one of the main areas of Spanish chess activity.

Moderate strong tourney, among the winners Larsen, Ljubojevic, Gheorghiu, Sigurjonsson, Torre, or Rodriguez Vargas.

PALMA DE MALLORCA 1965 – 1972 including 1970 Interzonal

Supertournament series (plus many Open).

All post-war World Chess Champions (then) did participate at Palma de Mallorca: Botvinnik, Smyslov, Petrosian, Spassky failed to win at Palma de Mallorca!

PAMPLONA 1990 – 2009 (no GM tournament in 2000)

City of the north of Spain which has hosted Grandmaster Tournaments (Magistral), mostly combined with Opens.

Pamplona 1990 was where Zsuzsa Polgar earned her final male GM norm to obtain the title!

TERRASSA 1989 – 1992 plus Prequel in 1960

Closed international invitation tournament in a cozy mix with many Spain players.

Among the winners O'Kelly in 1960 with a perfect score (a clean 7/7), thereafter Oll, Ehlvest, Adams, and Topalov.

Zafra et al., RUY LOPEZ Festival 2007 – 2010

Magistral, plus an Open, rapid, youth and amateur tournaments, lectures.

Zafra is the hometown of Ruy López de Segura, 16th-century Spanish Bishop.
The Ruy Lopez Chess Opening is named after him.

@ RUY LOPEZ Opening, and First Chess Tournaments

In 1574–75, Ruy López played in the first known international master-level tournament in chess (it stayed a singular event), held at the Royal Court of Spain in El Escorial, close to Madrid.

Note

Sources and further readings:

http://ajedrezdeataque.com/05%20Palmares/Torneos/Espana.htm
(by Javiar Cordero Fernandez)

http://historiadelajedrezespanol.es/torneos.htm
(by Javiar Cordero Fernandez)

http://www.ajedrecito4.galeon.com/#IBERICOS (RetroAjedrez I)
http://www.ajedrecito4.galeon.com/ (RetroAjedrez II, scroll down)
http://www.ajedrecito5.galeon.com/#IBERICOS (RetroAjedrez III)
http://www.ajedrecito6.galeon.com/#IBERICOS (RetroAjedrez IV)
(by Rafael Santana B.)

If a pdf will be updated, then it changes its URL, that's why these tournament series above should be better linked under the general address (Spain invitationals) or directly downloaded as pdf.

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