Survey in alphabetical order of significant supertournament *series* in classical chess in 2017:

since 1968 (50th) Biel Chess Festival, GMT (10 players) plus parallel a strong Open
(Biel chess tournament) ==> Biel International Chess Festival, 50th years jubilee in 2017
since 2010 (8th) Danzhou City, Hainan Province (10 players) (Danzhou)
since 1973 (45th) Dortmund Sparkassen (8 players) (Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting)
since 1962 (52th) Havana, Cienfuegos, Varadero et al. (Capablanca Mem Elite) (6 players/drr) (Capablanca Memorial)
since 2009 (9th) London Chess Classic (10 players) (London Chess Classic)
since 2013 (5th) Saint Louis, Sinquefield Cup (10 players) (Sinquefield Cup)
since 2014 (4th) Shamkir (Gashimov Mem) (10 players) (Shamkir Chess)
since 2013 (5th) Stavanger area, Norway Chess Altibox (10 players) (Norway Chess)
since 1938 (79th) Wijk aan Zee, TATA Steel (14 players) (Tata Steel Chess Tournament)
(from 1938 to 1967 held at Beverwijk, originally known as Hoogovens, later Corus tournament)

> Wijk aan Zee, the Wimbledon of Chess is the sole all-play-all international supertournament in classical chess to invite more than ten players today! (14 players each in A and B group) 

> Wijk aan Zee is the only all-play-all international supertournament in classical chess still to offer a strong "B-group" as it was a longtime tradition: Wijk aan Zee, TATA Steel Challengers

> Biel Chess Festival regularly offers both, a closed invitation tournament (round robin) and an open tournament (swiss system) of high level calibre : the large and strong Open (MTO), sometimes forgotten / outshined by the Invitational (GMT).


Baden-Baden, Karlsruhe, Grenke Chess Classic, sometimes it is an international tournament (ie. in 2017, played in Baden-Baden and Karlsruhe, 8 players), sometimes pure national, not numbered; plus parallel a strong Open. Prestigious Prequels: Baden-Baden

Ljubljana, Portorož, Bled et al. (Vidmar Memorial), unregularly played, 20th edition in 2016: Vidmar Memorial

Other current and annually organized international invitationals of note, but not considered as a chess supertournament (Elo average consistently below 2700 and / or no global mix of players),
for instance:

Malmö (TePe Sigeman & Co.), 1993 – 2014, and again since 2017: Malmö (TePe Sigeman & Co)

Poikovsky (Karpov tournament), annually since 2000: Poïkovski (tournoi Karpov)

Barcelona (Magistral Ciutat, former Casino Masters), starting in 1996, international since 2004:

Former world-class invitation tournaments, currently held as an annual (local) Open:

Hastings International Chess Congress since 1920/21 as Winter chess congress, with first Summer chess congress in 1895 (strong invitation round robin tournament, today as a middle strong international Open): Hastings International Chess Congress

Sarajevo, Bosna since 1957 with a ten-year break (strong invitation round robin tournament, today as a rather regional based Open): Sarajevo (Bosna)

Polonica-Zdrój (Rubinstein Memorial) since 1963 (today as a local event): Rubinstein Memorial

==> Survey of all international chess tournament *series*, past and present:

Tournament *series* -

==> Survey of the most important international Open chess tournament *series*, past and present:

Open Superseries -


Three countries, Spain, The Netherlands, and former Yugoslavia organised the most invitation tournament *series* in the modern era of chess since WWII. Tournament series held from there, are summarized under the corresponding sites:

Spain invitationals -

Netherlands inv. -

Yugoslavia inv. -

Great Britain (international tournament tradition since 1851) and Belgium (the chess centre of the world in the mid- and late 1980s) are presented in full history:

Great Britain series -
(including present series and Open tournaments)

Belgium series -
(including present series and Open tournaments)

Three famous international invitation series running in Italy you find under the following link:

Reggio, Rome, Venice -

: Switzerland's most important contributions to the international chess circuit are listed in separate links, regarding the hosting cities (Biel Festival, Basel Open, Geneva all, Zurich all, and history of Bern all, Lausanne all, Lucerne all, and Lugano Open; including the Chess Olympiads held in Lucerne and in Lugano)

A selection of further invitation tournament overviews from other countries:

ATHENS, Greece. Acropolis Festival 1968, 1977 – 2009

Athens Acropolis Festival, 1968 - 2009, starting as an international invitation tournament in 1968, held again in 1977, then played on a fairly regular annual basis, switching between closed and open tournaments, including sometimes a tournament for women and another subsidiary minor (open) tournament for men.

It was longest running international chess tournament in Greece with in total 24 editions. As said, the format varied across the series, switching several times between closed and open events.


BAD HOMBURG, Germany 1927; 1996, 1997, 1998 (Soccer Score)

1927 Bogoljubov, 2. Réti

1996 Alterman, Gabriel
1997 Dautov, 2.= Svidler
1998 Korchnoi, 2. Svidler, incl. Jussupow, Torre, Larsen, Hort
=> First three-points-per-win scoring in an elite event!

BAD NAUHEIM, Germany 1935, 1936, 1937 (held in three cities: Bad Nauheim, Stuttgart, Germisch-Partenkirchen)

1935 Bogoljubov
1936 Alekhine, Keres
=> Notable for young Keres' first international win
1937 Euwe ahead of 2./3. Bogoljubov, Alekhine, 4. Sämisch (Quadrangular)

1948 (national) Unzicker

GAUSDAL, Norway, founded in 1970 by Arnold J. Eikrem, relaunched by Hans Olav Lahlum

Gausdal Chess Festival (Norway), 1970 - 2008, starting with an international Open in 1970, followed by very frequent open tournaments (eg. Troll Masters, Peer Gynt, Eikrem Memorial, and Arnold Cup). Thus it happened quite often that several events were held same year!

Plus the Gausdal Classics, with a GM group + IM group(s)) + Open as innovative invitational series from 2001 to 2008 (with two editions in 2003), see below for more informations in pdf.

Magnus Carlsen had his entry in an invitation tournament at the international level in a closed IM-group of Gausdal Classics in April of 2001, when Hans Olav Lahlum decided to invite him despite being unknown in the chess world at that time and with an Elo rating of just 2064!

Carlsen played in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and finally won the Gausdal Classics in 2007.

GAUSDAL CLASSICS, invitation tournament series 2001 – 2008, with two editions in 2003; Drammen Smartfish Chess Masters, invitation tournament in 2004/05

HANINGE, Sweden 1988 – 1990

1988 Polugaevsky
1989 Ftacnik
1990 Seirawan

This international invitation series, lasting three years (always played in May) at Haninge near Stockholm was the strongest in Sweden for a long time, followed by the Malmö Sigeman & Co. tournament series starting in 1993. For more, see under the following link (and scroll down):

Malmö (TePe Sigeman) - 

LODZ, Poland (unregular)

1906 (Quadrangular) 1. Rubinstein, 2. Chigorin

1907/08 (5th All Russian Master’s) Rubinstein
=> Rubinstein’s Immortal

Prominent Triangulars, Matches, and Simuls

1935 Tartakower
1938 Pirc

MALMÖ (TePe Sigeman & Co.), Sweden 1993 – 2014, since 2017

Malmö (TePe Sigeman) - 






Ferdinand Hellers (first winner)


Peter Heine Nielsen, Curt Hansen


Ferdinand Hellers, Curt Hansen


Krishnan Sasikiran, Jan Timman


Ivan Sokolov


Jan Timman


Viktor Korchnoi (oldest winner at 65)


Ivan Cheparinov


Ferdinand Hellers


Tiger Hillarp Persson


Igor Miladinović, Joël Lautier


Nigel Short


Boris Gelfand


Anish Giri (youngest winner at age of 16)


Judit Polgar


So, Giri, Tikkanen (three-way-tie)


Boris Gulko, Jan Timman


Fabiano Caruana


Nigel Short


Rapport, Short, Grandelius (three-way-tie)


Vasily Ivanchuk


Laurent Fressinet (end of first series)

 => Relaunch in 2017, now together with TePe: 1.-2. Grandelius, Jobava

MONTE CARLO, Monaco 1901 – 1904; 1967 – 1969

1901 Janowski
1902 Maroczy
1903 Tarrasch, 2. Maroczy
1904 Maroczy

1967 Fischer
1968 Larsen
1969 Smyslov & Portisch

Rapid and Blindfold Chess:
Amber series 1992 – 2011,
mainly in Monaco

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (unregular)

1921 (1° Torneo Sudamericano) Grau
1925 (2° Torneo Sudamericano) Palau
1938 (8° Torneo Sudamericano) Alekhine

1939 Alekhine

1941 Eliskases

1954 (UNESCO) Letelier, 2-3. Bernstein, Najdorf

NANJING (Pearl Spring), China 2008 – 2010

Supertournament series

Named after the venue, the Mingfa Pearl Spring Hotel, it was the first supertournament in China!

2008 Topalov (Elo number one)
2009 Carlsen
2010 Carlsen (Elo number one)

NOVGOROD, Russia 1994 – 1997

Supertournament series

Winners: Kasparov (3x*), Ivanchuk (1x*), Topalov (1x).
*Ivanchuk at better tie-break above Kasparov in 1994

Kramnik invited in all four editions, but failed to win

PAKS, Hungary, Marx György Memorial 2004 – 2011

Chess Festival with grandmaster and women gm tournament to commemorate physicist Marx György. 2003 Match, 2012 Open.

Among the winners: Almasi, Harikrishna, Vachier-Lagrave, Wojtaszek, and Korchnoi

ROSTOV-ON-DON, Russia (unregular)

1896 Match: Steinitz vs. Schiffers 6.5 - 4.5

1961 (Chigorin Memorial, Prequel) Taimanov
1993 (Bondarevsky Memorial) Tiviakov
Children and the widow of Igor Bondarevsky (1913-79) guests of honour!

SOFIA, Bulgaria, M-Tel 2005 – 2009

Supertournament series

Winners: Topalov (3x), Ivanchuk (1x), Shirov (1x), all winning outright

World Champions Carlsen, Kramnik, and Anand played, but failed to win at Sofia M-Tel tournament!

SOLINGEN, Germany (unregular)

1968 Lengyel
1974 Polugaevsky, Kavalek (Pachman boycotted)
1986 Hübner

Fischer (simul exhibition), Spassky (SG Solingen club player), and Korchnoi (friendly match in 1973) visited Solingen, too

WELLINGTON, New Zealand 1978; 1988

1978 Quinteros, above 2. Torre, 3.-4. Mascarinas and Sarapu

1988 (Plaza tournament in the New Zealand International Festival of the Arts)
Spassky, first on tie-break, Chandler, Gufeld


If a pdf will be updated, then it changes its URL, that's why these tournament series above should be better linked under the general address (Furthermore (elite)) or directly downloaded as pdf.

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