Survey in alphabetical order of the supertournament *series* in classical chess as of 2016:

since 1968 (49th) Biel Chess Festival (Biel chess tournament), Open without GMT in 2016
(==> Biel International Chess Festival, 50th years jubilee with Open and GMT in 2017)
since 2008 (9th) Bilbao Masters Final (6 players/drr) (Bilbao Chess Masters Final)
since 1973 (44th) Dortmund Sparkassen (8 players) (Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting)
since 1962 (51st) Havana, Cienfuegos, Varadero et al. (Capablanca Mem Elite) (6 players/drr) (Capablanca Memorial)
since 2009 (9th) London Chess Classic (10 players) (London Chess Classic)
since 2006 (10th) Moscow (Tal Mem) (10 players) (Tal Memorial)
since 2013 (4th) Saint Louis, Sinquefield Cup (10 players) (Sinquefield Cup)
since 2014 (3rd) Shamkir (Gashimov Mem) (10 players) (Shamkir Chess)
since 2013 (4th) Stavanger area, Norway Chess Altibox (10 players) (Norway Chess)
since 1938 (78th) Wijk aan Zee, TATA Steel (14 players) (Tata Steel Chess Tournament)
(from 1938 to 1967 played at Beverwijk, originally known as Hoogovens, later Corus tournament)

Other current and annually organized international invitationals of note, but not considered as a chess supertournament (Elo average consistently below 2700 and / or no global mix of players),
for instance in 2016:

Ljubljana, Portorož, Bled et al. (Vidmar Memorial), unregularly played: Vidmar Memorial

Poikovsky (Karpov tournament): Poïkovski (tournoi Karpov)

Danzhou City (Hainan Province), Barcelona, Edmonton

no showing in 2016: Baden-Baden, Grenke Chess Classic, played unregular, sometimes  supertournament, sometimes pure national; earlier prestigious Prequels: Baden-Baden

Former world-class invitation tournaments, currently held as an annual (local) Open:

Hastings International Chess Congress since 1920/21 as Winter chess congress, with first Summer chess congress in 1895 (strong invitation round robin tournament, today as a middle strong international Open): Hastings International Chess Congress

Sarajevo, Bosna since 1957 with a ten-year break (strong invitation round robin tournament, today as a rather regional based Open): Sarajevo (Bosna)

Polonica-Zdrój (Rubinstein Memorial) since 1963 (today as a local Open): Rubinstein Memorial

==> Survey of all international chess tournament *series*, past and present:

Tournament *series* -

==> Survey of the most important international Open chess tournament *series*, past and present:

Open Superseries -



ATHENS, Greece. Acropolis Festival 1968, 1977 – 2009

Athens Acropolis Festival, 1968 - 2009, starting as an international invitation tournament in 1968, held again in 1977, then played on a fairly regular annual basis, switching between closed and open tournaments, including sometimes a tournament for women and another subsidiary minor (open) tournament for men.

It was longest running international chess tournament in Greece with in total 24 editions. As said, the format varied across the series, switching several times between closed and open events.


BAD HOMBURG, Germany 1927; 1996, 1997, 1998 (Soccer Score)

1927 Bogoljubov, 2. Réti

1996 Alterman, Gabriel
1997 Dautov, 2.= Svidler
1998 Korchnoi, 2. Svidler, incl. Jussupow, Torre, Larsen, Hort
=> First three-points-per-win scoring in an elite event!

BAD NAUHEIM, Germany 1935, 1936, 1937 (held in three cities: Bad Nauheim, Stuttgart, Germisch-Partenkirchen)

1935 Bogoljubov
1936 Alekhine, Keres
=> Notable for young Keres' first international win
1937 Euwe ahead of 2./3. Bogoljubov, Alekhine, 4. Sämisch (Quadrangular)

1948 (national) Unzicker

GAUSDAL, Norway, founded in 1970 by Arnold J. Eikrem, relaunched by Hans Olav Lahlum

Gausdal Chess Festival (Norway), 1970 - 2008, starting with an international Open in 1970, followed by very frequent open tournaments (eg. Troll Masters, Peer Gynt, Eikrem Memorial, and Arnold Cup). Thus it happened quite often that several events were held same year!

Plus the Gausdal Classics, with a GM group + IM group(s)) + Open as innovative invitational series from 2001 to 2008 (with two editions in 2003), see below for more informations in pdf.

Magnus Carlsen had his entry in an invitation tournament at the international level in a closed IM-group of Gausdal Classics in April of 2001, when Hans Olav Lahlum decided to invite him despite being unknown in the chess world at that time and with an Elo rating of just 2064!

Carlsen played in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, and finally won the Gausdal Classics in 2007.

GAUSDAL CLASSICS, invitation tournament series 2001 – 2008, with two editions in 2003; Drammen Smartfish Chess Masters, invitation tournament in 2004/05

HANINGE, Sweden 1988 – 1990

1988 Polugaevsky
1989 Ftacnik
1990 Seirawan

This invitation tournament series, lasting three years at Haninge near Stockholm was the strongest in Sweden, followed by the Malmö TePe Sigeman & Co.

LODZ, Poland (unregular)

1907/08 (5th All Russian Master’s) Rubinstein
=> Rubinstein’s Immortal

1935 (International) Tartakower
1938 (International) Pirc

Further prominent players: Fine, Bogoljubov, Najdorf, Menchik

NANJING (Pearl Spring), China 2008 – 2010

Supertournament series

Named after the venue, the Mingfa Pearl Spring Hotel, it was the first supertournament in China!

2008 Topalov (Elo number one)
2009 Carlsen
2010 Carlsen (Elo number one)

NOORDWIJK, The Netherlands 1938; 1965

1938 Eliskases first above Keres, Pirc, and Euwe. An excellent win for Eliskases!

1965 (Noteboom Memorial) Botvinnik

Daniël Noteboom Memorial series, held in Noordwiijk or Leiden

NOTEBOOM MEMORIAL, The Netherlands ongoing

Played annually in Leiden or Noordwijk since 1936!

Quadrangular, later Open, mostly of national or local colorit, sometimes with elite players

Separate tournament:
Leiden 1970 Spassky

NOVGOROD, Russia 1994 – 1997

Supertournament series

Winners: Kasparov (3x*), Ivanchuk (1x*), Topalov (1x).
*Ivanchuk at better tie-break above Kasparov in 1994

Kramnik invited in all four editions, but failed to win

ROSTOV-ON-DON, Russia (unregular)

1896 Match: Steinitz vs. Schiffers 6.5 - 4.5

1961 (Chigorin Memorial, Prequel) Taimanov
1993 (Bondarevsky Memorial) Tiviakov
Children and the widow of Igor Bondarevsky (1913-79) guests of honour!

SOLINGEN, Germany (unregular)

1968 Lengyel
1974 Polugaevsky, Kavalek (Pachman boycotted)
1986 Hübner

Fischer (simul exhibition), Spassky (SG Solingen club player) , and Korchnoi (friendly match in 1973) visited Solingen, too

SOFIA, Bulgaria, M-Tel 2005 – 2009

Supertournament series

Winners: Topalov (3x), Ivanchuk (1x), Shirov (1x), all winning outright

World Champions Carlsen, Kramnik, and Anand played, but failed to win at Sofia M-Tel tournament!


If a pdf will be updated, then it changes its URL, that's why these tournament series above should be better linked under the general address (Furthermore (elite)) or directly downloaded as pdf.

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