The Tilburg chess tournament was a series of very strong chess tournaments held in Tilburg,
Netherlands, a city in south-eastern Holland. It was established in 1977 and ran continuously through 1994 under the sponsorship of Interpolis,
a dutch insurance company.
Fontys Hogescholen (University) shortly revived the supertournament series from 1996 to 1998, when the last edition had been played.
In total 21 tournaments (18 sponsored by Interpolis, among them the last three tournaments in knock-out modus, after a pause in 1995, the three final Fontys’ tournaments in round robin again).
winner: Karpov (7 wins, among them the first five in the years 1977, 79, 80, 82, and 83, but remember: neither Korchnoi nor Kasparov were invited / participated at Tilburg in all those years).
Gata Kamsky, still
untitled (!) but already sole no. 8 in the Elo rating list II (July) 1990 before the Tilburg tournament started, tied for first alongside with Ivanchuk, ahead of Gelfand, Short, Timman, Andersson, Nikolic, and Seirawan, earning his third and final GM
norm, just a few months after his 16th birthday. Kamsky thus gained his Grandmaster title without previously acquiring an IM title.
The winners Kamsky and Ivanchuk were celebrated in an amusing manner:
Sixteen girls danced towards them and threw confetti.
Of course, Kamsky is the youngest winner of the series (at age of 16), the oldest winner is the usual suspect, Korchnoi (at
age of 54).
No invitation for Korchnoi at Tilburg tournament series until the year 1985 to secure the soviet participation. Korchnoi won then at his first entry in 1985 (alongside with Miles,
and Hübner), and was clear second to Kasparov in 1989.
Kasparov who had sensationally won Banja Luka in 1979 as untitled player, and Baku in 1980, made his personal debut at the summit level in the
world's chess circuit at Tilburg in 1981 (Karpov did not take part this time, he avoided to play in international tournaments with rising Kasparov):
Beliavsky won, meanwhile Kasparov only scored 50%, he suffered defeats against two former World Champions, Petrosian and Spassky, and lost to Timman as well. Hereafter, Garry would moderate
his intuitive style towards better calculation and a brutal opening preparation, winning (or co-winning) in each international tournament he participated for incredible ten years in a row up to Linares in 1991 where he finished as runner-up behind
In 1997, Peter Svidler announced his entrance to elite with a fine win in a fearless game against Great Gazza. Svidler
then was 21 years young, and had never met Kasparov over the board before. Finally, Svidler as best on tie-break, Kasparov, and Kramnik won that Tilburg Fontys tournament, followed by a triumph of Anand in the last Tilburg edition in 1998.
In total, 8 WCC played in the Tilburg series: Smyslov, Tal, Petrosian, Spassky (all not winning!), Karpov, Kasparov, Kramnik, and Anand.
Winners were Beliavsky (2x), Miles (2x), Korchnoi, Portisch, Ivanchuk, Gelfand, Svidler, Salov, Kamsky, Timman, Piket, Hübner, and Adams, plus the mentioned World Champions Karpov (7x), Kasparov (3x), Kramnik, and Anand.
Prominent players not winning: Larsen, Andersson, Ljubojevic, Polugaevsky, Hort, Short, Shirov, Leko, Topalov, or Judit Polgar.
Tilburg chess tournament (Wikipedia)